Challenge Stand In Line

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🏁 Problem Explanation:

In Computer Science a queue is an abstract data structure where items are kept in order. New items can be added at the back of the queue and old items are taken off from the front of the queue.

Write a function nextInLine which takes an array (arr) and a number (item) as arguments. Add the number to the end of the array, then remove the first element of array. The nextInLine function should then return the element that was removed.

  • Change the code below //Your Code here and up to //Change this line.
  • Ensure that you are editing the inside of the nextInLine function.
  • Use an array function you learned to add the item to the end of the array arr.
  • Use an array function you learned to remove the first element from array arr.
  • Return the element removed.

Relevant Links

💬 Hint: 1

The push() method adds an item to the end of an array.

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💬 Hint: 2

The shift() method removes the first element of an array. It also returns the element removed.

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💬 Hint: 3

The function nextInLine uses arr and item. Those are what the tests will use to pass the array elements they will test with. It allows the function to be reusable. Do not hardcode any of the tests inside the function.

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Spoiler Alert!

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Solution ahead!

🔰 Basic Code Solution:

function nextInLine(arr, item) {
  // Your code here
  arr.push(item);
  var removed = arr.shift();
  return removed;  // Change this line
}

Code Explanation:

  • Pushe item at the end of arr.
  • Call the shift() method on arr to get the first item and store it in removed.
  • Return removed.

Example Run

  • Test nextInLine([2], 1); runs.
  • The nextInLine function is called. arr becomes [2]. item becomes 1.
  • arr.push(item); Pushes 1 to [2]. So arr is now [2,1].
  • var removed = arr.shift(); removes the first element. So arr is now [1]. 2 has been removed and is stored in removed.
  • return removed; 2 is returned.

Note: You don’t actually need the variable removed. The element removed can be returned directly using return arr.shift();.

🏆 Credits:

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Thanks @CaroleAnneHannon for your help with Checkpoint: Stand in Line

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